PSALM 69 - Messiah: The man of sorrows in His humiliation & rejection.
69:1 To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim {ie., lillies, see Psa 45 notes},
[A Psalm] of David.
Save me, O God; for the waters are come in unto [my] soul.
Psalms 68 & 69 are in startling contrast: The victorious LORD is also the Man of sorrows.
Here intermingled are His inner agonies of childhood & manhood, of Gethsemane & Calvary.
in unto my soul- There is hope for a ship until the sea breaks into the hold.
69:2 I sink in deep mire, where [there is] no standing:
I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow me.
mire- see Psa 40:1,2.
Sorrow gripped His being completely: within, around and over. cp. Jonah 2:1-5
He knows our sorrows. He entered into them to provide escape for us. Isa 43:2; Heb 4:15
69:3 I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried:
mine eyes fail while I wait for my God.
weary- ie., in toil, exhausted. His weariness was due to intensity in prayer.
Too often, our weariness of prayer is that of boredom or faithlessness.
Hoarse & depleted of tears from long & powerful pleading, He prays on.
my God= the object of His desire. He waits, not for the remedy, but for the Provider.
cp. Psa 13:1-3; Psa 22:1,2; Heb 5:7
vs. 1-3 - The Continual Prayer of the Man of Sorrows throughout the "days of His flesh".
cp. Luk 6:12
69:4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head:
cp. Psa 40:12
they that would destroy me, [being] mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty:
"Joh 15:24-25" [Note: References in "quotes" are NT quotes of this Psalm.]
then I restored [that] which I took not away.
As He was hated, so He justified: without a cause- Rom 3:24; 1Pet 3:18
'As our guilt offering He restored to God the love and obedience of which man had robbed God. He voluntarily charged Himself with our guilt as His own (v.5).' [GWms]
cp. Lev 5:14-16
vs. 4-7 - The Cause of the Reproach of the Man of Sorrows.
(He came to restore what sin had taken away.)
69:5 O God, thou knowest my foolishness; and my sins are not hid from thee.
Interpreters stagger at this. Contrast the GWms comment at v.4 with:
'We dare not apply this verse to Christ. Surely, David's voice is heard here.' [CHS]
cp. 2Sam 12:13,14
However, in the following verses, it seems evident that Christ's voice is heard, above all others, as He took our reproaches upon Himself.
69:6 Let not them that wait on thee, O Lord GOD of hosts, be ashamed for my sake:
let not those that seek thee be confounded for my sake, O God of Israel.
ashamed- ie., disappointed, disillusioned.
confounded- put to confusion, reproached.
He prayed that the reproaches which He bore (eg. v.7-12; Psa 22) would not undermine
the faith of God's people, but that they would understand. cp. Luk 7:19-23; 22:31,32; Gal 3:13
69:7 Because for thy sake I have borne reproach;
shame hath covered my face.
reproach- scorn, disgrace.
shame- disgrace, dishonor, insult.
face- face, presence, person.
for thy sake- David's shame could not be so described (cp. v.5).
Jesus knew disgrace because of His life of obedience. His shame, like His obedience, reached its climax at the cross. Php 2:8; Psa 22:6-8; Isa 53:2-4; Heb 12:2
vs. 8-12 - The Continual Rejection of the Man of Sorrows-
- - by His brethren, v.8-10,
- - by His neighbors, v.10-12
69:8 I am become a stranger unto my brethren,
and an alien unto my mother's children.
my mother's children- The virgin birth is clearly foretold here.
One factor which separated Jesus from His siblings was that they did not share the same father. The stigma of His assumed illegitimacy followed Him throughout His life. His brothers did not believe His message, and actually questioned His sanity.
cp. Mark 3:6,21,22,31-35; Joh 1:11; Joh 7:3-5; Joh 8:41
69:9 For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up {ie., has consumed me};
His preoccupation with "My Father's business" was incompatible with their unbelief.
Psa 119:139; Luk 2:48-50; "Joh 2:15-17"
and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
"Rom 15:3"
69:10 When I wept, [and chastened] my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach.
They made light of the heaviness of His burden of prayer (v.9)
and of His intensity and power in prayer (cp. v.10,11).
69:11 I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them.
Cp. David's repentence. 2Sam 12:15-23
69:12 They that sit in the gate speak against me;
and I [was] the song of the drunkards.
in the gate- ie., the rulers of a city. All levels of society derided Him.
Following His 40 days fast, Jesus returned to Nazareth in the power of the Spirit.
All in the synagogue wondered at His gracious words.
Yet, all turned against Him. (cp. v.10-11, Luke 4:1-30)
He knew false accusation & derision. Mat 27:12,13; Mark 15:17-19; Joh 8:41,48,49
69:13 But as for me, my prayer [is] unto thee, O LORD, [in] an acceptable time:
O God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation.
The Father's answer to this prayer was assured in the OT and fulfilled in the NT.
Since His resurrection: Now is the accepted time. Today is the day of salvation.
Isa 49:7,8 "2Cor 6:1-2"
vs. 13-19 - The final Prayer of the Man of Sorrows (in Gethsemene & on the cross).
The sorrows of His earlier prayer (v.1-3) are intensified by reproaches, enemies, the pit...
The text of His prayer follows (vs. 14-19):
69:14 Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink:
let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters.
Psa 40:1,2
69:15 Let not the waterflood overflow me,
neither let the deep swallow me up,
and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me.
{cp. v.1-2 and Jonah 2:1-5}
Mat 12:40
69:16 Hear me, O LORD; for thy lovingkindness [is] good:
turn unto me according to the multitude of thy tender mercies.
Psa 40:10,11
69:17 And hide not thy face from thy servant;
for I am in trouble: hear me speedily.
Psa 22:11; Psa 40:13
69:18 Draw nigh unto my soul, [and] redeem it:
deliver me because of mine enemies.
Psa 22:19-21
69:19 Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonour:
mine adversaries [are] all before thee.
1Pet 2:23
vs. 20-21 - The Final Rejection of the Man of Sorrows.
69:20 Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness:
Psa 42:10
and I looked [for some] to take pity, but [there was] none;
and for comforters, but I found none.
Gethsemane: He asked His disciples to watch with Him.
They slept. They forsook Him, and fled. Mat 26:37,38; Mark 14:37,50
69:21 They gave me also gall for my meat;
and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
{"Mat 27:34,48"}
gall- The HB word refers to a poisonous herb, venom.
The NT word, meaning "yellow", probably refers to myrrh.
vinegar- sour wine. The "comfort" which they offered Him was full of bitterness.
Golgotha: Jesus' crucifixion is clearly in view here. cp. Mark 15:23; Joh 19:29
69:22 Let their table become a snare before them:
and [that which should have been] for [their] welfare, [let it become] a trap.
Paul applies this verse to Israel's rejection of Christ.
The Passover Seder table speaks of Christ & His work for us. From that table, Jesus took bread & wine and said "this do in remembrance of Me". But for His brethren in the flesh, Jesus continues to be a stone of stumbling. cp. "Rom 11:7-11"; Isa 8:14,15
Christ prayed from the cross, "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do." (Luk 23:34)
Therefore, it is best to view this imprecatory section (vs. 22-28) as the prophetic voice of the Holy Spirit speaking through David, rather than as the voice of Christ.
We must not forget that this judgment is temporary. Rom 11:25
vs. 22-28 - The Consequences of Rejecting the Man of Sorrows.
69:23 Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not;
and make their loins continually to shake.
Isa 6:9,10
69:24 Pour out thine indignation upon them, and let thy wrathful anger take hold of them.
Deut 28:64-67; Jer 30:6-9
69:25 Let their habitation be desolate; [and] let none dwell in their tents.
"Mat 23:34-38"; "Acts 1:20"
(In Acts, this verse is applied to Judas. But since the pronouns here are plural,
Judas is to be seen as representative of those who rejected Christ.)
69:26 For they persecute [him] whom thou hast smitten;
and they talk to the grief of those whom thou hast wounded.
Isa 53:4; Joh 15:20
69:27 Add iniquity unto their iniquity:
cp. Rom 1:28
and let them not come into thy righteousness.
Mat 23:13,27,28; Rom 10:2,3
69:28 Let them be blotted out of the book of the living,
and not be written with the righteous.
There are 2 books in view here:
  1. The book of Creation:
    All men are candidates for spiritual life or death, from the womb.
    Those who do not enter spiritual life during their lifetimes may be blotted out of this book.
    Psa 139:16; Ex 32:32,33
  2. The book of Salvation:
    Those who put their trust in God's Son, are born of God's Spirit. Joh 1:11-13
    Only such individuals are written into the Lamb's Book of Life.
    Luk 10:20; Php 4:3; Heb 12:23; Rev 3:5; Rev 20:12-15
69:29 But I [am] poor and sorrowful:
let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high.
Psa 40:17
vs. 30-36 - A Song of Praise: the Man of Sorrows is Salvation (cp. v.29).
69:30 I will praise the name of God with a song,
and will magnify him with thanksgiving.
Psa 40:1-3
69:31 [This] also shall please the LORD better than an ox [or] bullock that hath horns and hoofs.
Psa 40:6-8; Heb 10:4-14- The one sufficient sacrifice has been accepted.
Psa 50:13,14; Heb 13:15- He is the reason for our praise and rejoicing.
69:32 The humble shall see [this, and] be glad: {cp. v.6}
and your heart shall live that seek God.
Psa 22:26; Isa 55:6,7
69:33 For the LORD heareth the poor, and despiseth not his prisoners.
Psa 22:23,24; Psa 68:6; Rev 2:10
69:34 Let the heaven and earth praise him, the seas, and every thing that moveth therein.
Psa 96:8-13; Isa 44:21-26
69:35 For God will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah:
that they may dwell there, and have it in possession.
Psa 102:12,13; Jer 33:10,11
69:36 The seed also of his servants shall inherit it:
and they that love his name shall dwell therein.
Joh 14:23; Joh 17:24-26; Rev 21:27

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