PSALM 102 - Messiah: The Lord of Glory, afflicted but enduring.
102:1 A Prayer of the afflicted,
when he is overwhelmed, and poureth out his complaint before the LORD.
vs.1-11 - The Afflicted laments the days of decline.
the afflicted- The afflicted one is not named. More than one voice can be heard:
  1. The psalmist expresses his profound personal grief for the national decline of Israel (ie., for the apparent lapse of the Davidic Covenant). cp. Psa 89:38-45; Lam 1:1-22
  2. The Messiah personally bears the sorrows of His people. (eg., at Gethsemane & Calvary) Isa 63:9; Psa 22:24

Hear my prayer, O LORD, and let my cry come unto thee.
Psa 69:1,2; Mark 14:33,34
102:2 Hide not thy face from me in the day [when] I am in trouble;
Psa 22:19
incline thine ear unto me: in the day [when] I call answer me speedily.
Isa 65:24
102:3 For my days are consumed like smoke,
and my bones are burned as an hearth.
Psa 22:14,15; Lam 1:13
102:4 My heart is smitten, and withered like grass;
so that I forget to eat my bread.
Psa 69:20
102:5 By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skin.
Psa 22:15; Lam 4:8
102:6 I am like a pelican of the wilderness:
I am like an owl of the desert.
ie., As a bird, I live in desolation... devoid of both shelter and storehouse.
Isa 34:11-14; Isa 38:14
102:7 I watch, and am as a sparrow alone upon the house top.
ie., As a small frail bird, I look for the comfort of a companion... but I remain alone.
Psa 69:20
102:8 Mine enemies reproach me all the day;
[and] they that are mad against me are sworn against me.
sworn against me- ie., bound with an oath against me.
cp. Luk 6:11; Acts 23:12
102:9 For I have eaten ashes like bread,
and mingled my drink with weeping,
Lam 3:14-19
102:10 Because of thine indignation and thy wrath:
for thou hast lifted me up, and cast me down.
Lam 2:1,2; Psa 22:15
102:11 My days [are] like a shadow that declineth;
and I am withered like grass.
1Pet 1:24,25; cp. 2Sam 23:1-5
vs.12-22 - The Afflicted glories in the Faithful Lord and His Salvation.
(also: The Comforter previews His Glory as Redeemer.)
(Since v.25-28 apply to Messiah, this section must also apply to Him.)
102:12 But thou, O LORD, shalt endure {ie., sit} for ever;
Or: "Thou, O Jehovah, shalt sit enthroned as King forever." [GWms]
Psa 9:7; Lam 5:19
and thy remembrance unto all generations.
His Reign will bring, What?
A. Restoration to Israel, vs.13-14
102:13 Thou shalt arise, [and] have mercy upon Zion:
for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come.
Acts 1:6,7
102:14 For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof.
B. Salvation to the Gentiles.
102:15 So the heathen shall fear the name of the LORD,
C. Subjection of all kings.
and all the kings of the earth thy glory.
Zech 8:20-23
102:16 When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory.
His Reign will come, When?
When Christ returns in glory. Isa 2:2-4; Zech 2:10-13
102:17 He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer.
His Reign will come, Why?
A. Because He answers prayer. Psa 22:24; Dan 9:3-19
102:18 This shall be written for the generation to come:
and the people which shall be created shall praise the LORD.
Psa 22:30,31; Psa 45:16,17; 2Cor 5:17,18; Eph 2:10
102:19 For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary;
from heaven did the LORD behold the earth;
B. Because He saw our need (and took action, v.23). Psa 14:1-7
102:20 To hear the groaning of the prisoner;
to loose those that are appointed to death;
Isa 61:1-3; Eph 2:1-3; Col 1:13,14
102:21 To declare the name of the LORD in Zion,
and his praise in Jerusalem;
Psa 22:22; Eph 2:4-7; Eph 3:21
102:22 When the people are gathered together,
and the kingdoms, to serve the LORD.
vs.23-24 - The Afflicted appeals the day of death.
102:23 He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days.
102:24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days:
Mat 26:38,39; Heb 5:7
vs.24b-28 - The Comforter reviews His Glory as Creator.
thy years [are] throughout all generations.
102:25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth:
and the heavens [are] the work of thy hands.
Hebrews quotes vs.25-27 as being spoken by God the Father to the Son. Heb 1:8,"10-12"
In the context of this Psalm, these words answer the preceding prayer (vs.23-24a).
The whole Psalm reveals the sorrows which Christ bore in His humiliation & rejection.
102:26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure:
yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment;
as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:
Isa 51:6; Rev 20:11; Rev 21:1
102:27 But thou [art] the same, and thy years shall have no end.
Joh 8:58; Heb 13:8; Rev 1:8,17,18
102:28 The children of thy servants shall continue,
and their seed shall be established before thee.
Isa 53:10,11; Isa 66:22

This Concludes the study in Psalm 102.
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