Bible Study Outlines
Volume 1, Lesson 16
by C.I. Scofield
Sin, Part II
A Study of Sin
- What is sin?
Sin entered the world through Adam
- Sin is transgression -- An "overstepping"
- Sin is iniquity -- An act wrong in itself whether expressly forbidden or not
- Sin is an error -- A departure from the right
- Sin is "missing the mark" -- A failure to reach the standard
- Romans 3:23 - "All have sinned, and come short of the glory of God"
- Sin is a trespass -- The assertion of self-will
- Sin is lawlessness -- Spiritual anarchy
- 1Timothy 1:9 - "The law [is made]... for the lawless"
- 2Thessalonians 2:3 - "Man of sin" (literally "Lawless one"). It is interesting to see that the origin of sin in the universe began in the assertion of self-will, and lawlessness. In Isaiah 14:12-14, "I will" is uttered five times by Satan.
- Sin is unbelief -- Doubt of the divine truth
- John 16:9 - "Sin, because they believe not on Me"
- John 3:36 - "Believeth... everlasting life"; "Believe not... wrath"
All the descendants of Adam are sinners
- Romans 5:12 - "By one man." It is important to note that Eve was the temptress of Adam, being herself "deceived." Adam chose also to eat of the forbidden fruit and it was through him therefore that "sin entered the world."
Humanity has inherited a sinful nature
The Gospel offers a new nature
- Romans 5:12 - "All have sinned"
- Romans 3:10 - "None righteous." Many are naturally more generous, brave, truthful, or winsome, but "there is none righteous."
Christ is the "last Adam," the Head of the new creation
- John 3:3 - "Except... born again... cannot see the kingdom of God"
- John 1:12 - "As many as received Him... sons of God"
- 1Peter 1:23 - "Born again"
- 2Peter 1:4 - "Partakers of the divine nature"
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- Romans 5:17 - "They which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ"
- 1Corinthians 15:45 - "Last Adam... quickening [life-giving] spirit"
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